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   NATO Medal - Balkan Operations
Service: ALL
Instituted: January 2003
Authorized: Deputy Secretary of Defense
Issuing Country: ( NATO ) - NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANIZATION
NATO Medal - Balkan Operations
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Description:

Non-Article 5 NATO Medal (Balkan Operations) 

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) has approved a Non-Article 5 NATO Medal for personnel participating in NATO-led operations in the Balkans (Former Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY) and Kosovo). From 1 January 2003, common criteria will be applicable to each of the NATO-led operations within the Balkans Joint Operations Area (JOA). 

The Deputy Secretary of Defense has authorized the acceptance and wear of this medal for US military and US civilian personnel. This medal is authorized to replace the NATO medals issued for NATO Operations Joint Forge, Joint Guardian and Amber Fox. 

The NATO Medal (FRY) and NATO Medal (Kosovo) were previously issued for these operations. Personnel eligible for the award are those who are members of units or staffs as set out in the JOA Combined Joint Statement of Requirements taking part in NATO Balkan Operations in accordance with the qualifying conditions. Entitlement will be acquired by those forces under NATO command or control while in the JOA, and those deployed to the JOA under national command in support of the NATO-led operations. The Balkans JOA is defined as the political boundaries and airspace of Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, the Former Republic of Yugoslavia (including Kosovo), the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, and Albania, based on the detailed description contained in the SFOR, KFOR and TF Fox Operational Plans. 

The qualifying service period in the Balkans JOA is thirty (30) days continuous or accumulated service from 1 January 2003 to a termination date to be determined. 

Aircrew members will accumulate one day's service for the first sortie flown of any day; additional sorties flown on the same day receive no further credit. This requirement exists for support as well as combat aircraft; support aircraft includes tanker, airlift and surveillance platforms. Members will wear the first NATO medal awarded, and will wear a bronze service star for any subsequent medal awarded for a different operation. 

Subsequent deployments in support of the same operation will not be awarded. 

Members are authorized to retain the ribbon clasp if presented; however the wearing of the ribbon clasp with the NATO Medal is not authorized for US military members.



Background:

NATO Medal

The NATO Medal is awarded by the Secretary-General of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) to military and civilian members of the Armed Forces of the United States who participate in designated NATO operations.

  1. Eligibility. The following missions/operations have been approved by the Secretary of Defense, for acceptance and wear:
  • (1) Operations related to the former Republic of Yugoslavia (14 November 1995 to a date to be determined).
  • (2) Operations related to Kosovo (13 October 1998 to a date to be determined).
  • (3) Operation EAGLE ASSIST (12 October 2001 to 16 May 2002).
  • (4) Operation ACTIVE ENDEAVOR (26 October 2001 to a date to be determined).
  • (5) International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan (1 June 2003 to a date to be determined).
  • (6) Operations in the Balkans (1 January 2003 to a date to be determined).
  1. Acceptance. Acceptance of the NATO Medal has been approved for U.S. military personnel who serve under NATO command or operational control in direct support of the above NATO operations.
  2. Presentation. The NATO Medal will normally be presented by the Allied Command Europe headquarters exercising operational command or control over U.S. military units or individuals prior to their departure from service with NATO.
  3. Medal set. The medal set includes a ribbon clasp denoting the specific operation for which the award was made. U.S. service members are authorized to retain the ribbon clasp presented but may not wear the clasp. Only the basic medal and service ribbon are authorized for wear on the uniform.
  4. Subsequent awards. Subsequent awards (if approved by the Secretary of Defense) for service in a different NATO operation, U.S. military personnel will affix a bronze service star to the NATO Medal suspension ribbon and service ribbon.
  5. Precedence. The NATO Medal will have the same precedence as the United Nations Medal, but will rank immediately below the United Nations Medal when the wearer has been awarded both medals.

 


excerpt from ACO 40-8

SUPREME HEADQUARTERS ALLIED POWERS EUROPE ACO DIRECTIVE NUMBER 40-8 DATED 15 MAY 2007 NON-ARTICLE 5 NATO MEDAL FOR SERVICE ON NATO-LED OPERATIONS IN THE BALKANS Authorisation. a. The North Atlantic Council has approved a Non-Article 5 NATO Medal for personnel participating NATO-led operations in the Balkans. From 2 Dec 04, the Operational name for the joint Balkans operation is "JOINT ENTERPRISE". b. In the past, each NATO-led operation had its own medal based on specific criteria and qualifying conditions. Since 1 Jan 03, common criteria have been applied to each of the NATO led operations within the Balkans Joint Operations Area (JOA). c. This medal is authorised to replace the NATO medals issued for NATO Operations "JOINT FORGE", "JOINT GUARDIAN", "ESSENTIAL HARVEST" and "AMBER FOX". The criteria for the transition from the previous medals are expfained below, particularly relating to periods 2 Dec 02 to 1Jan 03. Eligibility Criteria. a. General. Personnel eligiblefor the award are those who are members of units or staffs, as set out in the JOA Combined Joint Statement of Requirements taking part in NATO operations in the Balkans in accordance with the qualifying conditions. Forces under NATO command or control and under national command in support of the NATO-led operations, whilst in the JOA will be entitled to the award. b. Area of Operations. The Balkans JOA is delineated as the political boundaries and airspace of Bosnia-Herzegovina, Former Republic Croatia, of Yugoslavia (including Kosovo), the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Albania, based on the detailed description contained in the Joint OPLAN 105016. c. Period of Qualifying Service. The qualifying period in the Balkans JOA is thirty (30) days continuous or accumulated servicefrom 1 Jan 03 and a termination date, which will be notified in a supplementary document. d. Aircrew. Aircrew will accumulate one day's service for the first sortie flown of any day; additional sorties flown on the same day receive no further credit. This requirement exists for combat aircraft, as well as support aircraft to include tanker, airlift, and surveillance platforms. Additional Criteria for Transitional Arrangements. a. General. The new Non-Article 5 medal for the Balkans is authorised from 1 Jan 03. Transitional arrangementsfor the award of the three distinct NATO medals for Operations JOINT FORGE, JOINT GUARDIAN, ESSENTIAL HARVESTand AMBER FOX to the single medal for the Non-Article 5 Operations in the Balkans are detailed in paragraphs 3.b to e below. b. One Medal - OneTour of Duty. Personnel serving on NATO operations in the Balkans, and qualifying for existing medals for the three different NATO Ooerations and for the Non-Article 5 medal for the Balkans either side of 1Jan 03, will receive one medal only for any single tour of duty of one hundred and eighty (180) days. c. On or before 2 Dec O2. An individual who began his/her tour of duty on or before 2 Dec 02, will qualify only for existing medals for these specific operations - JOINT FORGE, JOINT GUARDIAN, ESSENTIAL HARVEST, and AMBER FOX - according to the existing eligibility criteria and qualifying conditions. d. After 2 Dec 02. An individual who began his/her tourof duty in one of the Balkan areas after 2 Dec 02, will qualify only for the Non-Article 5 medal for the Balkans according to the eligibility criteria and qualifying conditions explained above. e. SuccessiveTours-Adjacent Area. An individual who is in the first, second or any successive tour of duty in any of the adjacent areas (out of theatre in direct support in ltaly, Hungary, Greece or Austria) of Operations for JOINT FORGE, JOINT GUARDIAN, ESSENTIAL HARVEST and AMBER FOX, ceased qualifying for the old style Medals and Arabic numeral denoting numbers of tours at 2359Z hours on 31 Dec 02. An individual who was in the first, second, or any successive tour of duty and still in the theatre of operation after 2359Z hours on 31 Dec 02, and whose tour started on or prior to 2 Dec 02 stopped qualifying for old style numerals when awarded the next respective numeral or the individual's tour ends, whichever is first. Numerals are not issued for the new Article 5 and Non-Article 5 Medals. f. NATOHQ Sarajevo (NHOSa). From 2 Dec 04, the new NATO HQ Sarajevo came into force and the NATO Stabilisation Force(SFOR) mission was complete.